This report examines “Conditional Education Aid” implemented since 2003. In the educational dimension of the program, which started with the financing of the World Bank after the 2001 economic crisis, financial aid is provided to poor families with the conditions of enrolling their children in school and children’s school attendance. Conditional Education Aid, implemented under the responsibility of the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services, is an application at the intersection of education and social policies, of which the Ministry of National Education is a stakeholder. The program, that aims to provide access to education for the socioeconomically disadvantaged and aims at equal opportunities in education, has been achieved quantitative success. The report also discusses similar practices in different countries such as the USA, Brazil and Indonesia; and it includes policy recommendations in this area.